Ponkan Citrus reticulata Blanco Mandarina
Bai jun, Batangas, Batanges, Batangues, Blanco, Coorg, Cravo Tardia, de Dezfoul, de Jahroun, de Khoram-Abbad, F-2426, F-2432, Hu- kan, Chinese Honey, Ihara, Iyokan San, Kinneola, Lu Gan, Lugan, Lukan, Mehali, Mei Gan, Meng Ban Jun, Mi Gan, Mohali, Nagpur, Nagpur suntara, Nangpur suntara, Nouméa, Ohta Ponkan, Oneco, Peng gan, Penggan, Pengjia 39, Ponggan, Ponkan Yoshida, Ponkin, Poongan, San Martin, Santara, Santra, Shantra, Sintoris, Sugton, Suntala, Suntara, Warnuco, Warnurco, Zhangnan
'Nangpur Suntara' is a semi-early extremely productive tropical variety. It is the most cultivated variety in the world and even despite its varying fruitfulness is undoubtedly one of the best tasting varieties cultivated in the world. It probably originates in India, where it has been grown in the form of seedlings for centuries. Other sources speculate that it might be a Chinese variety. 'Nangpur Suntara' was brought to Europe in 1805 and to USA in 1892. This cultivar was usually referred to as C. nobilis Lour. var. poonensis Hayata or C. poonensis Osbeck. It grows naturally in Asia and Brazil.
'Nangpur Suntara' is a robust, erect, vertically growing tree with extremely high resistance to chlorosis. Its tropical origin is probably the reason, why it is not very cold resistant and takes cold worse than other tangerines. Its slightly flattened, spherical fruit with small neck (similar to tangerine 'Dancy') is average or bigger (6-9cm), weighs 120-140g and has distinctive apex resembling a belly button (sometimes fruit puffs on this spot). It has special essential oils contained in the rind, very similar to those contained in Mediterranean tangerine fruit. Rind is usually quite thin, pebbled, grainy and dark orange in color. 'Nangpur Suntara' fruit's pulp is dark orange, very soft and sweet in full ripeness. It has excellent flavor, aroma and contains only small amount of acids. The pulp is usually divided into 8-12 easily separable segments and contains 3-7 spherical, polyembryonic seeds (light green inside). 'Nangpur Suntara' fruit usually ripens in November and in order to achieve full ripeness requires lots of warmth. They are usually harvested before ripening or for better flavor after they fully ripen (ripe fruit is used for stewing). Fruit usually loses its good flavor after hanging too long on the tree after ripening. For these and other characteristics it is more than suitable for growing indoors.
Clone 'Oneco', known as 'Cravo tardia' in Brazil ripens later; the fruit has thicker rind and more seeds. Clones 'Batangas' and 'Nagpur' have smaller fruit (4,5-5cm) and can retain good quality, even though they hang on the tree long after fully ripening. 'de Dezfoul' clone originates in Iran. This variety's synonymic names 'Warnuco' and 'Warnurco' originate in Wartmann's Nursery Company. Japanese clone 'Ohta Ponkan' looks more attractive.